Describe common themes in Victorian Literature
If one studies possibly, all the great writers of this period, you will mark the three general characteristics. Firstly, literature in the Victorian age tended to come face to face with realism. This reflected more on practical problems and interests. It becomes a powerful instrument for human progress. Secondly, the Victorian literature seems to deviate from the strict principle of “art’s for art’s sake” and asserts it moral purpose.
Alfred Lord Tennyson Robert Browning Ruskin Bond all were the teachers of England with the faith in their moral message to instruct the world. Thirdly, this was more like the age of pessimism and confusion. The influence of science was strongly felt here. Alfred Lord Tennyson’s some immature works seem to hold doubtfull despairing strains but his In-Memoriam comes out as a hope after despair. Although characterized as practical and materialistic, the literature of the Victorian age portrays a completely ideal life. It was an idealistic age where the great ideals like truth, justice, love, brotherhood were emphasized by poets, essayists and novelists of the age.
The family was considered of Paramount importance during the Victorian age. Women’s main purpose in life was to find a husband and to manage domestic affairs; while doing so, they were completely repressed by their husbands. In short, the society was clearly pariarchal. Religious faith was also paramount; there was a exagerrated morality as well as an exaggerated adherence to form and manners. With the Industrial Revolution coming, there was also an emergence of people into the burgeoning middle class, a class that aspired to raise itself to that of the upper class because social ranking was so important.