History of Social Work in England
After the origin of religion and religious institutions the religious teacher and priests help to poor,aged, sick, handicapped, orphans and similar other individuals. Such help in activity work based on contribution by the rich, benevolent and charity oriented persons. Provision of service was considered the responsibility of the church.
However there was no public sympathy for the poor to get rid of Poverty accepted person having good health able to work.
Two, the poor who were blind,lame, elderly, sick, etc. who were unable to earn their livelihood.
The second category of the poor were given help by local parish and their priests. Daily distribution of food items was distributed at the entrance of Church or other Institutions established under religious auspicious. No effort was made to find out the reason for the poverty.
Up To the 14th century, the king of England and its Parliament did not get involved in the helping activities of the religious institutions. but with the abolition of landlord system and abolition of bonded labour, or major problem of unemployment waywardness, economic offensive by such person, including a tremendous increase in the number of beggars, became a major issue before the rulers at the British society. Poverty in its extreme form begin to pose seriously problems. The need for state intervention begin to be acutely felt.
The abolition of landlord system and other major tragedy extract England in the form of major plague in 1348 which whipped out almost one third of England. Statue of labourer and increasing cost of hiring labour and large scale vagrancy landless labour force the British King Edward III to info hard major which resulted in the declaring by Edward III the famous statue of Labrador in 1349, under the provisions of which it was made obligate tree for an unemployed person to accept offer of job it also disallowed the movement of such individual from their own Parish.
The Statue of labourers, 1349 became the first state land law in the field of providing help to the poor, which over to the power of the church search power to the state. The main purpose of this statue was to prevent beggary and to keep the Labyrinth tied to the land owned by landlord. Harsh punishment was awarded to this statue.