Background of ‘To kill a Mockingbird’ written by Harper Lee
To Kill a Mockingbird is a novel by Harper Lee published in 1960. Instantly successful, widely read in high schools and middle schools in the United States, it has become a classic of modern American literature, winning the Pulitzer Prize. The plot and characters are loosely based on Lee’s observation of our family. Her neighbours and an event that occurred near her hometown of Monroeville Alabama, in 1936, where she was 10 years old.
The novel is renowned for its warmth and humour, despite dealing with the serious issue of rape and racial inequality. The narrator’s father Atticus Finch, has served as a moral hero for many readers and as a model of integrity for lawyers. Historian, J. Crespino explains, “In the 23rd century, To Kill a Mockingbird is probably the most widely read book dealing with race in America, and its main character, Atticus Finch the most enduring fictional image of racial heroism.
As a Southern Gothic and Bildungsroman novel, the primary themes of To Kill a Mockingbird involve racial injustice and the destruction of innocence. Scholars have noted that Lee also addresses issue of class, courage, compassion, and gender roles in the American Deep South. The book is widely taught in schools in the United States with lesson that emphasize tolerance and dercy prejudice. Despite its themes To Kill a Mockingbird has been subject to campaigns for removal from public classrooms, often challenged for its use of racial epithets.
Reaction to the novel varied widely upon publication. Despite the number of copies sold and its widespread use in education, literary analysis of it is sparse. Author Mary McDonough Murphy, who collected individual impressions To Kill a Mockingbird by several authors and public figures, calls the book “an astonishing phenomenon”. In 2006, British librarians ranked the book ahead of the Bible as one “every adult should read before they die”. It was adapted into an Academy Award-winning film in 1962 by director Robert Mulligan, with screenplay by Horton Foote. Since 1990, a play based on the novel has been performed annually in Harper Lee’s hometown.
To Kill a Mockingbird was Lee’s only published book until Go Set a Watchman, an earlier draft of To Kill a Mockingbird, was published on July 14, 2015. Lee continued to respond to her work’s impact until her death in February 2016, although she had refused and personal publicity for herself or the novel since 1964.